Private Networks

The SatSite Basestation and Shipboard IoT

This article tells how the Legba SatSite is an exceptional choice for a low-cost, single-box DCSA IoT data gateway on a vessel (as described in Section 3.1 of “IoT Container Standards: IoT Standard for Gateway Connectivity Interfaces“). What is a “data gateway on vessel”? The DCSA IoT architecture defines a gateway as an entity that connects the “internal interfaces” of the cargo containers (radio interfaces) to the “external interfaces” of the IoT management system (IP or other data interfaces). These gateways are intended to support specific “use cases”: on land, at specific transition points (“events”, like customs clearance), used with …

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Answering Your Questions About Private LTE/5G Networks

When we are talking to new customers, there are some common questions that keep coming up. The Basic Basics A lot of the most basic information is covered in this post, but we pulled out some common questions here. Q: What is a “private network”?A: In this context, a private network is a radio network based on cellular technology, but operated for private use instead of as a service to the general public. It means having your own LTE, 5G, or even GSM/GPRS network, operating independently of mobile network operators (AT&T, Verizon, Vodafone, Orange, Telefonica, T-Mobile, etc.). Devices in this network …

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Private LTE/5G Networks Around the World

This article is about the state of the LTE/5G private network market, world-wide. From a regulation standpoint, there are two types of private networks: true private network – Installed and operated independently by the owner. This requires the owner to have legal access to spectrum, and there are several ways that can happen. pseudo-private network – Installed and operated by an incumbent MNO, but providing special service to a particular customer. This can be done through network slicing, or through an arrangement technically equivalent to an MVNO. These terms “true” and “pseudo” are not official terms, but used for clarity …

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Why You Need a Private LTE/5G Network

Various analysis reports place the value of the private network market at around $3.5B in 2020 and growing at about 13% per year. Where are these networks and what are they used for? And why do customers install them? In a different article, we addressed the question of where these networks are and what industries are using them. In this article, we look at the advantages of private LTE/5G networks over other technologies. Use Cases We will start with the assumption that you have a “use case” for a large-scale wireless network. You have a lot of devices, equipment, monitoring …

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Getting Your LTE/5G Private Network

So you have decided that a private LTE or 5G network is right for you. We are ready to take you through the process. The Steps Our role is to plan, install, and operate your network so that you can focus on running your business. Here are the steps. 1 – Scoping We collect the basic information about your project, such as: Where is your project located? What is your current license status, if any? What sort of area do you need to cover? Indoor? Outdoor? Ground cover? Structures? How many devices do you need to support? What are the …

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The “Burning Man” Private Networks

The “Burning Man” Private Networks

The history of this company traces back to OpenBTS, an all-software GSM stack that was started and largely written by Legba’s founder. And cellular networks at the Burning Man festival figure largely in the history of OpenBTS. These networks gave us our first experiences with large private networks (large coverage areas and many subscribers) in very challenging circumstances. (All photos in this post were taken by our camp teams.) What is Burning Man? Burning Man started in the early 1990’s as a gathering of performance artists and anarchists on an alkali flat in the Black Rock Desert of northern Nevada. …

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Ad Hoc Private Networks in GSM

Introduction NiPC (“network in a PC”) is a mode of operation supported by YateBTS that allows the basestation to operate in 2.5G GSM/GPRS mode without a core network. While YateBTS NiPC mode does support normal authentication and ciphering with a local SIM database, NiPC also offers a feature that bypasses all security procedures and allows a phone to connect without authentication. Although we have moved along to private LTE/5G networks like everyone else in the world, there are still some use cases where this bypass can make GSM/GPRS as the best (or only) choice. This article describes the 2G security architecture that …

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